Staking as the name suggests is the process of putting markers in the ground to locate boundaries or planned improvements on a site.
In the case of power lines, pipelines, or roads, survey crews will travel the entire route of the project to stake the right-of-way and any temporary work spaces. This right-of-way will then need to be cleared in preparation for construction.
Construction staking translates those architectural or engineering plans and lays out building edges, utilities, and reference points on the actual site where the construction is to take place. This ensures consistency with the initial design and helps the project manager determine if there are any issues with that design that need to be addressed.
Rough grade staking is one of the first rounds of Grade Stakes placed on a site to identify areas requiring the most earthwork. The stakes are typically marked to the lowest subgrade elevation and at large spacing. This is followed by successive rounds of additional stakes marking each layer at a higher density and precision until the final grade is reached.
Site layout is a term inclusive to the marking of all other structures, typically exclusive to earthworks, but may include building layout, curb work, deep and shallow services, or anything else required to be marked by the construction design.
Staking a property line (also known as a boundary survey) is a process completed by a professional land surveyor and involves title searches and reviewing historical records to determine the exact edges of your property. A field survey is conducted and boundaries are indicated by survey markers.